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Important terms - briefly explained

Glossary

  • Miscarriage: Miscarriage
  • Andrology: Andrology
  • Ascites: Fluid in the abdominal cavity, e.g. in hyperstimulation of the ovaries
  • Triggering injection: HCG injection to trigger ovulation
  • Blastocyst: advanced division stage of early embryo
  • Cervical secretion: Mucus in the cervix
  • Cervix: Cervix
  • Chromosomes: Carriers of genetic information
  • Diaphragm: Plastic cap for closing the cervix, used also for contraception
  • Embryo: the unborn child in the first 12 weeks
  • Embryo transfer: the transfer of an embryo into the uterus (ET) or in the intact fallopian tube (EIFT); usually called tubal embryo transfer (TET)
  • Endometriosis: the occurrence of tissue which is similar to uterine lining tissue located in places or organs outside the uterus
  • Endometrium: Endometrium
  • Extracorporeal fertilisation (ECB): the fertilisation of an egg outside the body (see In vitro fertilisation)
  • Extrauterine: outside the uterus
  • Ectopic gravidity (EUG): Ectopic pregnancy
  • Fertilisation: Fertilisation
  • Foetus: the unborn child after the 12th week
  • Fimbriae: funnel-shaped opening of the fallopian tube for catching the egg
  • Follicle: follicle filled with fluid in which the egg cell is located
  • Follicular puncture: Aspiration of follicular fluid for the extraction of eggs
  • Gametes: Gametes (eggs and sperm)
  • Yellow body (corpus luteum): the yellow-pigmented glandular structure that forms from the ovarian follicle following ovulation
  • Gravidity: Pregnancy
  • Hormone: active agent produced by the body
  • Pituitary: Pituitary gland (hormone gland)
  • Hypothalamus: higher-level hormone control gland, regulates the function of the pituitary gland
  • ICSI: intracytoplasmic sperm injection: A microinsemination procedure where a single sperm is injected into the egg (microinjection)
  • Idiopathic sterility: unexplained sterility without evidence of physical or psychological causes
  • Immunological sterility: sterility caused by the body's own immune response
  • Implantation: Implantation of the embryo in the uterine lining
  • Insemination: Injection of sperm (cells) into the uterine cavity or the fallopian tube
  • Gamete intra-fallopian transfer (GIFT): Introduction of egg and sperm into the fallopian tube
  • In vitro fertilisation (IVF): "In vitro fertilisation", fertilisation outside the body (Latin: vitrum - the glass)
  • Cannula: Syringe
  • Catheter: thin tube for insertion into body organs
  • Culture medium: Nutrient solution
  • Cryopreservation: Cryopreservation
  • Surrogacy: A pregnancy which is carried out using another woman who does not provide the fertilised egg; not allowed in Germany
  • MESA: microsurgical epididymal sperm aspiration, extraction of sperm from the epididymis
  • Oestrogen: produced typical female hormone, produced especially in ovarian follicles
  • Ovary: Ovary
  • Ovulation: Ovulation
  • Placenta: Placenta
  • Polycystic ovary (PCO): Ovary with many small cysts, usually in conjunction with increased male hormones
  • Sperm/spermatozoa: Semen/sperm
  • Sperm antibodies: the body's own defence substances against sperm in men and/or women
  • Spermiogram: Analysis of sperm quality
  • Stimulation: Promotion of the maturation of follicles, e.g. using hormones
  • Infertility: involuntary childlessness
  • TESE: testicular sperm extraction, extraction of sperm from the testicles # Tube: Fallopian tube
  • Uterus: Uterus
  • Cyst: cavity filled with liquid